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Import variables into the current symbol table from an array


extract ( array &$array [, int $flags = EXTR_OVERWRITE [, string $prefix = NULL ]] ) : int



An associative array. This function treats keys as variable names and values as variable values. For each key/value pair it will create a variable in the current symbol table, subject to flags and prefix parameters.

You must use an associative array; a numerically indexed array will not produce results unless you use EXTR_PREFIX_ALL or EXTR_PREFIX_INVALID.


The way invalid/numeric keys and collisions are treated is determined by the extraction flags. It can be one of the following values:

EXTR_OVERWRITE If there is a collision, overwrite the existing variable.
EXTR_SKIP If there is a collision, don't overwrite the existing variable.
EXTR_PREFIX_SAME If there is a collision, prefix the variable name with prefix.
EXTR_PREFIX_ALL Prefix all variable names with prefix.
EXTR_PREFIX_INVALID Only prefix invalid/numeric variable names with prefix.
EXTR_IF_EXISTS Only overwrite the variable if it already exists in the current symbol table, otherwise do nothing. This is useful for defining a list of valid variables and then extracting only those variables you have defined out of $_REQUEST, for example.
EXTR_PREFIX_IF_EXISTS Only create prefixed variable names if the non-prefixed version of the same variable exists in the current symbol table.
EXTR_REFS Extracts variables as references. This effectively means that the values of the imported variables are still referencing the values of the array parameter. You can use this flag on its own or combine it with any other flag by OR'ing the flags.

If flags is not specified, it is assumed to be EXTR_OVERWRITE.


Note that prefix is only required if flags is EXTR_PREFIX_SAME, EXTR_PREFIX_ALL, EXTR_PREFIX_INVALID or EXTR_PREFIX_IF_EXISTS. If the prefixed result is not a valid variable name, it is not imported into the symbol table. Prefixes are automatically separated from the array key by an underscore character.


Returns the number of variables successfully imported into the symbol table.



0, 1


0, 10


0, 10, 1