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STREAM_SELECT

Runs the equivalent of the select() system call on the given arrays of streams with a timeout specified by tv_sec and tv_usec

SYNTAX

stream_select ( array &$read , array &$write , array &$except , int $tv_sec [, int $tv_usec = 0 ] ) : int

PARAMETERS

read

The streams listed in the read array will be watched to see if characters become available for reading (more precisely, to see if a read will not block - in particular, a stream resource is also ready on end-of-file, in which case an fread() will return a zero length string).

write

The streams listed in the write array will be watched to see if a write will not block.

except

The streams listed in the except array will be watched for high priority exceptional ("out-of-band") data arriving.

Note: When stream_select() returns, the arrays read, write and except are modified to indicate which stream resource(s) actually changed status.

tv_sec

The tv_sec and tv_usec together form the timeout parameter, tv_sec specifies the number of seconds while tv_usec the number of microseconds. The timeout is an upper bound on the amount of time that stream_select() will wait before it returns. If tv_sec and tv_usec are both set to 0, stream_select() will not wait for data - instead it will return immediately, indicating the current status of the streams.

If tv_sec is NULL stream_select() can block indefinitely, returning only when an event on one of the watched streams occurs (or if a signal interrupts the system call).

Warning: Using a timeout value of 0 allows you to instantaneously poll the status of the streams, however, it is NOT a good idea to use a 0 timeout value in a loop as it will cause your script to consume too much CPU time. It is much better to specify a timeout value of a few seconds, although if you need to be checking and running other code concurrently, using a timeout value of at least 200000 microseconds will help reduce the CPU usage of your script. Remember that the timeout value is the maximum time that will elapse; stream_select() will return as soon as the requested streams are ready for use.

tv_usec

See tv_sec description.

RETURN

On success stream_select() returns the number of stream resources contained in the modified arrays, which may be zero if the timeout expires before anything interesting happens. On error FALSE is returned and a warning raised (this can happen if the system call is interrupted by an incoming signal).

EXAMPLES

READ WRITE EXCEPT TV_SEC

2

TV_USEC

2

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