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animation

Description

The animation property for CSS is shorthand for animation-delay, animation-direction, animation-duration, animation-fill-mode, animation-iteration-count, animation-name, animation-play-state, and animation-timing-function.

Syntax

CSS

animation: value;

JS

object.style.animation = "value";

Values

<'animation'> = <single-animation>#
<single-animation> = <time> || <easing-function> || <time> || <single-animation-iteration-count> || <single-animation-direction> || <single-animation-fill-mode> || <single-animation-play-state> || [ none | <keyframes-name> ]
<time>

Defines how long of a delay there is between the start of the animation and when it begins executing.

ms

Milliseconds. There are 1000 milliseconds in 1 second.

s

Seconds.

<easing-function> = linear | <cubic-bezier-easing-function> | <step-easing-function>
linear

Its output progress value is equal to the input progress value for all inputs.

<cubic-bezier-easing-function> = ease | ease-in | ease-out | ease-in-out | cubic-bezier(<number>, <number>, <number>, <number>)
ease

Equivalent to cubic-bezier(0.25, 0.1, 0.25, 1).

ease-in

Equivalent to cubic-bezier(0.42, 0, 1, 1).

ease-out

Equivalent to cubic-bezier(0, 0, 0.58, 1).

ease-in-out

Equivalent to cubic-bezier(0.42, 0, 0.58, 1).

cubic-bezier()

Specifies a cubic Bezier easing function. The four numbers specify points P1 and P2 of the curve as (x1, y1, x2, y2). Both x values must be in the range [0, 1] or the definition is invalid.

<number>

An integer or zero or more decimal digits followed by a dot (.) followed by one or more decimal digits. The first character may be preceded by a sign (- or +). The last character may be succeeded by an exponent (e or E) and an integer.

<step-easing-function> = step-start | step-end | steps(<integer>[, <step-position>]?)
step-start

Computes to steps(1, start)

step-end

Computes to steps(1, end)

steps()

The first parameter specifies the number of intervals in the function. It must be a positive integer greater than 0 unless the second parameter is jump-none in which case it must be a positive integer greater than 1. The second parameter, which is optional, specifies the step position.

<integer>

Specifies one or more decimal digits (0-9).

<step-position> = jump-start | jump-end | jump-none | jump-both | start | end
jump-start

The first rise occurs at input progress value of 0.

jump-end

The last rise occurs at input progress value of 1.

jump-none

All rises occur within the range (0, 1).

jump-both

The first rise occurs at input progress value of 0 and the last rise occurs at input progress value of 1.

start

Behaves as jump-start.

end

Behaves as jump-end.

<single-animation-iteration-count> = infinite | <number>
infinite

The animation will repeat forever.

<number>

An integer or zero or more decimal digits followed by a dot (.) followed by one or more decimal digits. The first character may be preceded by a sign (- or +). The last character may be succeeded by an exponent (e or E) and an integer.

<single-animation-direction> = normal | reverse | alternate | alternate-reverse
normal

All iterations of the animation are played as specified. Intial.

reverse

All iterations of the animation are played in the reverse direction from the way they were specified.

alternate

The animation cycle iterations that are odd counts are played in the normal direction, and the animation cycle iterations that are even counts are played in a reverse direction.

alternate-reverse

The animation cycle iterations that are odd counts are played in the reverse direction, and the animation cycle iterations that are even counts are played in a normal direction.

<single-animation-fill-mode> = none | forwards | backwards | both
none

The animation has no effect when it is applied but not executing.

forwards

After the animation ends, the animation will apply the property values for the time the animation ended.

backwards

During the period defined by animation-delay, the animation will apply the property values defined in the keyframe that will start the first iteration of the animation.

both

The effects of both forwards and backwards fill apply.

<single-animation-play-state> = running | paused
running

The animation proceeds as normal.

paused

The animation is paused. It restarts from where it left off.

none

<keyframes-name> = <custom-ident> | <string>
<custom-ident>

Specifies any valid identifier that is not misinterpreted as a keyword.

<string>

Specifies a sequence of characters delimited by double quotes (") or single quotes (').

Examples

1 · animation-delay

2 · animation-direction

3 · animation-duration

4 · animation-fill-mode

5 · animation-iteration-count

6 · animation-name

7 · animation-play-state

8 · animation-timing-function

9 · JS

animation-composition

animation-delay

animation-direction

animation-duration

animation-fill-mode

animation-iteration-count

animation-name

animation-play-state

animation-timeline

animation-timing-function

accent-color

align-content

align-items

align-self

all

animation-composition

animation-delay

animation-direction

animation-duration

animation-fill-mode

animation-iteration-count

animation-name

animation-play-state

animation-timeline

animation-timing-function

appearance

aspect-ratio

backdrop-filter

backface-visibility

background

background-attachment

background-blend-mode

background-clip

background-color

background-image

background-origin

background-position

background-position-x

background-position-y

background-repeat

background-size

block-ellipsis

block-size

border

border-block

border-block-color

border-block-end

border-block-end-color

border-block-end-style

border-block-end-width

border-block-start

border-block-start-color

border-block-start-style

border-block-start-width

border-block-style

border-block-width

border-bottom

border-bottom-color

border-bottom-left-radius

border-bottom-right-radius

border-bottom-style

border-bottom-width

border-collapse

border-color

border-end-end-radius

border-end-start-radius

border-image

border-image-outset

border-image-repeat

border-image-slice

border-image-source

border-image-width

border-inline

border-inline-color

border-inline-end

border-inline-end-color

border-inline-end-style

border-inline-end-width

border-inline-start

border-inline-start-color

border-inline-start-style

border-inline-start-width

border-inline-style

border-inline-width

border-left

border-left-color

border-left-style

border-left-width

border-radius

border-right

border-right-color

border-right-style

border-right-width

border-spacing

border-start-end-radius

border-start-start-radius

border-style

border-top

border-top-color

border-top-left-radius

border-top-right-radius

border-top-style

border-top-width

border-width

bottom

box-decoration-break

box-shadow

box-sizing

caption-side

caret

caret-color

caret-shape

clear

clip

clip-path

color

color-scheme

column-count

column-fill

column-gap

column-rule

column-rule-color

column-rule-style

column-rule-width

column-span

column-width

columns

contain

contain-intrinsic-block-size

contain-intrinsic-height

contain-intrinsic-inline-size

contain-intrinsic-size

contain-intrinsic-width

container

container-name

container-type

content

content-visibility

continue

counter-increment

counter-reset

counter-set

cursor

direction

display

empty-cells

filter

flex

flex-basis

flex-direction

flex-flow

flex-grow

flex-shrink

flex-wrap

float

font

font-family

font-feature-settings

font-kerning

font-optical-sizing

font-size

font-size-adjust

font-stretch

font-style

font-variant

font-variant-caps

font-variant-ligatures

font-variant-numeric

font-variant-position

font-variation-settings

font-weight

forced-color-adjust

gap

grid

grid-area

grid-auto-columns

grid-auto-flow

grid-auto-rows

grid-column

grid-column-end

grid-column-start

grid-row

grid-row-end

grid-row-start

grid-template

grid-template-areas

grid-template-columns

grid-template-rows

hanging-punctuation

height

hyphens

image-rendering

initial-letter

initial-letter-align

inline-size

inset

inset-block

inset-block-end

inset-block-start

inset-inline

inset-inline-end

inset-inline-start

isolation

justify-content

justify-items

justify-self

left

letter-spacing

line-break

line-clamp

line-height

list-style

list-style-image

list-style-position

list-style-type

margin

margin-block

margin-block-end

margin-block-start

margin-bottom

margin-inline

margin-inline-end

margin-inline-start

margin-left

margin-right

margin-top

mask

mask-border

mask-border-mode

mask-border-outset

mask-border-repeat

mask-border-slice

mask-border-source

mask-border-width

mask-clip

mask-composite

mask-image

mask-mode

mask-origin

mask-position

mask-repeat

mask-size

mask-type

math-depth

math-shift

math-style

max-block-size

max-height

max-inline-size

max-lines

max-width

min-block-size

min-height

min-inline-size

min-width

mix-blend-mode

nav-down

nav-left

nav-right

nav-up

object-fit

object-position

opacity

orphans

outline

outline-color

outline-offset

outline-style

outline-width

overflow

overflow-block

overflow-clip-margin

overflow-inline

overflow-wrap

overflow-x

overflow-y

padding

padding-block

padding-block-end

padding-block-start

padding-bottom

padding-inline

padding-inline-end

padding-inline-start

padding-left

padding-right

padding-top

paint-order

perspective

perspective-origin

place-content

place-items

place-self

pointer-events

position

print-color-adjust

quotes

resize

right

rotate

row-gap

scale

scroll-behavior

scroll-margin

scroll-margin-block

scroll-margin-block-end

scroll-margin-block-start

scroll-margin-bottom

scroll-margin-inline

scroll-margin-inline-end

scroll-margin-inline-start

scroll-margin-left

scroll-margin-right

scroll-margin-top

scroll-padding

scroll-padding-block

scroll-padding-block-end

scroll-padding-block-start

scroll-padding-bottom

scroll-padding-inline

scroll-padding-inline-end

scroll-padding-inline-start

scroll-padding-left

scroll-padding-right

scroll-padding-top

scroll-snap-align

scroll-snap-stop

scroll-snap-type

scroll-timeline

scroll-timeline-axis

scroll-timeline-name

scrollbar-color

scrollbar-gutter

scrollbar-width

shape-image-threshold

shape-margin

shape-outside

tab-size

table-layout

text-align

text-align-all

text-align-last

text-combine-upright

text-decoration

text-decoration-color

text-decoration-line

text-decoration-skip-ink

text-decoration-style

text-decoration-thickness

text-decoration-trim

text-emphasis

text-emphasis-color

text-emphasis-position

text-emphasis-style

text-indent

text-justify

text-orientation

text-overflow

text-shadow

text-transform

text-underline-offset

text-underline-position

top

transform

transform-box

transform-origin

transform-style

transition

transition-delay

transition-duration

transition-property

transition-timing-function

translate

unicode-bidi

vertical-align

visibility

white-space

widows

width

word-break

word-spacing

word-wrap

writing-mode

z-index

zoom

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

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